Social and Emotional Learning can be broken down into five major components, which interact to optimise our social, emotional and performance outcomes.
Students who appraise themselves and their abilities realistically (self-awareness), regulate their feelings and inhibit behaviors appropriately (self-management), interpret social cues (social awareness), resolve interpersonal conflicts effectively (relationship skills), and make good decisions about daily challenges (responsible decision-making) are headed on a pathway toward success in school and later life (Payton et al., 2008).
- Self Awareness
The ability to recognise how emotions and thoughts can influence behaviour. This includes understanding your own strengths and weaknesses and how these impact on others.
- Self Management
The ability to regulate your own emotions thoughts and behaviours in different situations. This includes containing impulses, reaching your goals and working well with others.
- Social Awareness
The ability to understand and accept others from diverse backgrounds and cultures. To observe, listen and understand social and ethical norms in order to learn more about people.
- Relationship Skills
The ability to foster and maintain healthy and rewarding relationships with a range of individuals and groups. Relationship skills include communication, listening and cooperating with others.
- Responsible Decision Making
The ability to make good choices about your own behaviour in a social setting by considering others safety and ethics.